
There are 24 Basic Mudras
(hand gestures) in the "Hasthalakshana Deepika", the book of hand gestures,
which Kathakali is followed. There are 'Asamyutha Mudras' (that is shown
using single hand) and 'Samyutha Mudras' (mudras shown in double hands)
in each Basic Mudras, to show different symbols. Considering all these
Mudras and their seperations there are totally 470 symbols used in Kathakali.
(The
details of each Mudra are given down)

1. Pathaaka (Flag):
There are 36 double hand symbols and 10 single hand symbols using this Mudra. Totally 46. Double
Hand Symbols:
Single
hand symbols:
2. Mudraakhyam:
Double
hand symbols:
Single
hand symbols:
3. Katakam (Golden Bangle):
Single
hand symbols:
Double
hand symbols:
4. Mushti:
Double
hand symbols:
Single
hand symbols:
5. Kartharee Mukham (Scissor's
sharp point):
Double
hand symbols:
Single
hand symbols:
6. Sukathundam (Parrot's peek):
7. Kapidhakam (The fruit of a
tree):
8. HamsaPaksham (Swan's wing):
Double
hand symbols:
9. Sikharam (Peak):
Duble hand symbols using this Mudra are Garudan (a hawk in Purana), Swan and Jatayu. 10. Hamsaasyam (Swan's peek):
4
single hand symbols:

11.Anjaly (Folded hands in Salutation): 15 Double hand symbols: 1.Excessive rain, 2.Vomiting, 3.Fire, 3.Horse, 4.Loud noise, 6.Light, 7.Hair, 8.Earring, 9.Heat or sorrow, 10.Anxiety, 11.Always, 12.Blood, 14.River, 15.Flowing 2
single hand symbols:
Totally 17 symbols using this Mudra. 12.Ardhachandram (Half moon):
Double
hand symbols:
Single
hand symbols:
13. Mukuram (Mirror):
Double
hand symbols:
9
single hand symbols:
14. Bhramaram (Beetle):
4
Single hand symbols:
15. Soochimukham (Needle's sharp
point):
16
Single hand symbols:
16. Pallavam (Sprout):
6
Single hand symbols:
17. Thripathaaka (Flag with three
colours):
18. Mrigaseersham (Deer's head):
19. Sarpasirassu (Serpant's head):
Apart from these symbols, this Mudra is used to show the symbols, Sprinkle, clapping hands, breaking skull of the elephant, chertishing, giving water to god and message of wrestlers. 20. Vardhamanakam (Seedling):
3
Single hand symbols:
21. Araalam (Curved):
22. Oornanabham (Spider):
23. Mukulam (Bud):
24. Katakaamukham:
The symbol of 'addressing' anybody is showed using the Mudra Hamsapaksham. In "Mushti" when the small finger is straightened gets "Baana" Mudra.Using this can show the symbols like oppose, Stop!!, coming, future etc. There are two types of
Mudras:
2. Misra Mudras (Mixed Mudras): That is, some symbols are shown using two different Mudras in both hands. There are 68 Mixed Mudras. For example to show the symbol 'Indra', the Mudra "Sikharam" in one hand and the Mudra "Mushti" in the other hand; for 'Sivan' the Mudras used are "Mrigaseersham" and "Hamsapaksham"; etc. 

